By identifying the insects that you see, you will make it easier for Edmonton Exterminators Ltd. to properly treat and eliminate them.
General information on Ants: Ants communicate by touch and smell. They lay down chemical trails and constantly touch each other to pass on their nest odor.
Appearance: Among the largest ants; they range in size from 1/4 to 3/4 inch long, the most common species in this area are the black, but some can be red and black; workers have large mandibles (jaws).
Habits: Carpenter Ants will establish nests in a number of different locations. Outdoor sites include stumps, logs, telephone poles, railroad ties, fence posts, or other similar large pieces of wood. Wood that is moist or partially decayed is preferred by many species, however, cracks, crevices, and other cavities may be used to start a nest in sound wood. Ants may be carried into homes in firewood or enter and established colonies via other routes. Among the other methods, foragers often simply enter homes. The source of infestation may or may not be in the home itself. Most often, the primary nest, where the queen is located, will be away from the home or other infested structure, while nests located within the structure will be secondary, or satellite nests, where no egg-laying queen is present. Indoor nests may be found in walls, windowsills, porch structures, roofs, fireplaces, shingles, or other naturally hollow areas.
Diet: They do NOT eat wood but rather hollow out galleries for nesting. They will feed on nearly anything people eat, on other insect and aphid honeydew.
Reproduction: The queen ant lays 15 - 20 eggs the first year and up to 30 eggs the second year; the eggs complete their life cycle in about 60 days, worker ants can live up to seven years, while a queen may live up to 25 years. Colonies can contain up to 3,000 plus workers.
Other info: All kinds of houses, regardless of age or type of construction are vulnerable to infestation and damage by Carpenter Ants.
Appearance: Black or red ground ants can be 1/15 to 1/10 inch long.
Habits: Nests can be found beneath rocks or in lawns. Small craters of fine soil in lawns, indicates an ant nest below the surface. Other nesting places include rotten wood and masonry of buildings. They occasionally invade houses in search of food.
Diet: Plant secretions (exterior) and sweets, meats, breads, grease, vegetables and fruit (interior).
Pharaoh Ants are light yellowish to reddish brown measuring from 1/15 to 1/12 inch long (Probably the smallest of the ant species).
Habits: They normally nest between walls, under floors, above ceilings, behind baseboards and switch plates, in old trash, in folded bathroom linens, or outside in gardens and along walks. Pharaoh ants nest on porous substrates in warm places near furnaces, heat ducts and hot water pipes that are also near moist conditions or open sources of water (Nests are rarely found).
Diet: They feed on syrups, fruit juice, honey, jelly, cakes, pies, greases, dead insects, meats or blood.
Reproduction: Females are capable of producing 400 or more eggs (10-12 per batch). Colonies can have tens or hundreds of thousands of workers and many queens. Moderate to large sized colonies will frequently bud to form numerous sub-colonies, as a queen or queens and a group of workers carrying brood will move away from the larger colony and begin a new colony unit.
Bedbugs are red-brown to almost black in color. They are from 5-10mm in length, as an adult, and have flat oval bodies and heads. Bedbugs have no wings and therefore cannot fly. They have difficulty climbing smooth metal or polished surfaces and cannot jump. They are not known to transmit disease from one person to another.
Female bedbug can lay 2-5 eggs per day averaging 200-500 eggs in her lifetime. The eggs are sticky, white and 1mm in length. They are usually found in cracks and crevices and hatch in 7-17 days. Adult bedbugs generally live from 10-12 months, but they have been known to live for more than 18 months if the conditions are favorable. They are attracted to carbon dioxide and seek a host for feeding every 5-10 days. They mainly feed at night on exposed areas of skin for 3-10 minutes and their bites produce a raised reddened swelling. A bedbug infestation is very difficult to eliminate and may require up to three consecutive treatments. Early detection is very important.
Black and yellow with medium coarse hair; various sizes. Bumble Bees are social insects that generally nest underground. They do not make holes or tunnels in wood, but will nest in abandoned mouse burrows, under piles of grass clippings or leaves, stones, logs or other such locations. Often they will enter a crack in a building wall and nest in the insulation.
They seldom become a problem of consequence except in situations where the nests are established close to a sidewalk, near a building foundation, or in some other locations where conflict with people or pets is inevitable. A number of species may be commonly encountered, some of which are more likely to sting people than others. Whenever the nest area is directly threatened, bumble bees will attack and sting the intruder as a defensive reaction. The worst thing a homeowner can do is block off the exterior entrance point, as this will force the bee further inside the home.
Appearance: Most species of concern to man have yellow and black coloring; 7/16 to 5/8 inch long; appear to have hairy bodies.
Habits: Live in colonies of 20,000 to 80,000 individuals; will leave humans alone if not provoked.
Diet: Nectar and pollen
Reproduction: Only one egg-laying queen in a hive; queen may live as long as 5 years and lay as many as 1,500 to 2,000 eggs per day; worker females protect eggs and the young; drones only duty is to mate with queen, after which they die.
Other info: Stings can be painful, but are harmless to most people. However, dangerous allergic reactions can occur.
Appearance: Adult - Shiny black with brownish legs; 1/8 to 3/16 inch long. Larvae - mostly light brown, carrot shaped with brushy tail bristles; 1/16 to 1/2 inch long.
Reproduction: 4 to 8 days after adult emerges, she lays approximately 50 eggs over a period of 3 weeks; she then dies. Eggs hatch in 6 to 11 days.
Diet: Dead animal matter, hair, fur, hides, wool products, plant materials eg. cereals, stored grain or nuts and clothing with natural fibers in them.
Treatment: Residual sprays are the most effective.
Appearance: Dark brown with pale yellow band across the front half of wing covers; 1/4 to 1/3 inch long. The larva is brownish in color; 1/4 to 1/2 inch in length and very hairy.
Diet: Hides, stored foods with high protein content, and animal products.
Reproduction: 102 to 174 eggs are laid from June to August and hatch in 12 days or less.
A number of diseases are transmitted by fleas, including epidemic typhus and the Bubonic plague. Fleas also carry tapeworms from dogs and rodents and can transmit them to humans. More than 2,400 flea species exist worldwide.
Diet: A female flea consumes 15 times its body weight in blood daily.
Other info: Fleas are blood-sucking parasites. They are wingless and can jump 7 to 8 inches vertically and 14 to 16 inches horizontally. Fleas are highly mobile and often not particular about what species they visit. In the absence of a pet, for example, humans become the flea's blood meal.
Appearance: Pale to medium brown, 1/2 to 5/8 inches long (adults). Babies are darker (nearly black) in color. Have very long antennae which extend over sides of body (about three quarter of the length of the body).
Reproduction: Adult females produce 4 to 8 capsules in their lifetime. Each capsule contains 30 to 48 eggs; takes 20 to 30 days to hatch. Average life is 1 year or less.
Feeding Habits: German Cockroaches feed on fermented foods, beverage residues, scattered crumbs, soiled clothing, starches and sweets. They eat their own feces, feces of other cockroaches, and also feed on each other.
Appearance: About 1/4 inch to 1/2 inch long, somewhat "carrot-shaped"; gray or silver colored; three filaments extend from rear.
Habits: Nocturnal; move swiftly; can jump; found where there is excessive humidity; do great damage to books, wall paper, other paper products.
Diet: Prefer starch, paste, glue; paper products of all kinds, starched textiles.
Reproduction: 2 to 3 months reproductive cycle; lay about 50 eggs per hatch; live 2 to 2 1/2 years.
Other info: Thought to belong to one of the most primitive existing insect orders, more than 400 million years old.
Appearance: Variety of shapes and colors; can be distinguished from bees by their smooth, rather than hairy bodies; 1/2 to 3/4 inch long.
Habits: Exhibit predatory and scavenging behavior; some species are solitary, while others live in colonies which may number thousands of individuals.
Diet: Primarily protein, such as spiders, soft-bodied insects and small animals.
Reproduction: Social wasps begin a nest with one queen laying all eggs for colony; if a queen dies, a worker can take over egg-laying function until colony produces new queen.